A Boon to Boost Your Immune System: Cytokine
Cytokines are small secreted proteins released by cells that have a specific effect on the interactions and communications cells. Cytokines may act on the cells from which they are secreted (autocrine action), on nearby cells, and in some instances, on the distant cells (endocrine actions).
Cytokines are produced by a broad range of cells, including cells of the immune system of the human body, with respect to complex immune response. Cytokines helps in intercellular communication in immune response, as they are cell signaling molecules, and thus, they trigger the movement of cells on inflamed infection sites. Cytokines can be briefly categorized as peptides, proteins, and glycoproteins. These, along with their receptors, are used in different treatment therapies, inflammatory conditions, immune disorders, infectious diseases, and oncology to boost immune response.
Other names of cytokines?
· Many cytokines are referred to as “interleukins”, which indicate that they are secreted by some leukocytes and act on other leukocytes
· Some are called “interferon” and “tumor necrosis factor”
· They are also known as growth factors
· Cytokines are also alternatively known as Chemokines. Chemokines play an important role in inflammation.
· A group of cytokines are referred to as a colony-stimulating factors (CSF), which are required for the growth and differentiation of blood cells from hematopoietic stem cells
Though cytokines help the immune system in various ways, they also have various adverse effects as they are linked to many disease conditions, namely schizophrenia, major depression, Alzheimer’s, and cancer, among others. Over-secretion of cytokines can trigger a syndrome known as cytokine storm. Due to increasing cytokines levels, deaths were weighted more heavily toward people with healthy immune system.